Marc Pilisuk
Who Benefits from Global Violence and War
Uncovering a Destructive System

"A change is needed from the values of the market to the values of participation and caring.... It will require us to persuade or to pressure those with great wealth and power that people along with all the other species that share our planet deserve a viable habitat and a voice in how it is to be used."

Lectures, Interviews, Articles
American Psychological Association, San Francisco. 8/20/07
Not Quite a Conspiracy: Networks of Power
By Marc Pilisuk and Jennefer Achord Rountree, pg 1

The bloody toll and psychic horrors of direct warfare continue. They are now accompanied by the globalization of labor and resources resulting in displaced refugees, forced migrations, sweatshop labor, human trafficking and the death of a child, every two seconds from a preventable or treatable illness. None of this violence is an accident. It is rather the product of a social order created by humans. We miss the hope of changing a violence producing social order if we do not understand who benefits from it and how they keep this system going?

Networks of Power

Network Analysis plots the actual exchanges and links from one party to another. This web helps to uncover a latent structure to show who is linked to whom and is particularly useful in the study of power. Take Gordon England. He was appointed Secretary of the Navy in 2001. Here he was responsible for more than 800,000 military and civilian personnel and an annual budget of more than $120 billion. He joined the Department of Homeland Security in 2003. Prior to joining the Bush administration England was an executive of General Dynamics responsible for two major corporate sectors: Information Systems and Technology and International Contracting. Previously, he served as chef executive of the Combat Systems Group, president of Fort Worth Aircraft, (later Lockheed), president of General Dynamics and as the principal of a mergers and acquisition consulting company.

Such corporate/government connections are common. But corporations are also connected with one another. One can track the Board memberships of England’s GD colleagues as well as the accounting and law firms that serve GD. Among the GD board are retired generals and admirals, directors of major financial firms (Morgan Chase, investment banking), the food industry (Sara Lee), and pharmaceuticals (Schering Plough). The web of interconnections extends even further. With high level government and corporate officials one finds multiple links to certain financial institutions, law firms, accounting firms, and trade organizations like the Petroleum Institute or Pharma. The networks include links to managers of major media corporations, to research centers and think tanks. People central in these powerful networks are sought after for boards of Universities and major medical centers where they can help to attract donors as well as play a part in assuring the supply of trained persons to run and to serve the greater society.

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